Serving Missouri and Kansas
315 E. 18th Ave., North Kansas City, MO 64116
Phone: 816-454-8833 Website: www.abbainsurance.com
Driving without car insurance is illegal. Insurance protects you, and others, from financial ruin in the event of an auto accident. In addition, it can come to the rescue if your car is vandalized, damaged by fire or stolen — depending on your policy.
Besides protecting you financially, car insurance is a social responsibility. Driving without insurance or the ability to pay for the damages you cause in an accident puts others at financial risk. That's why all states require drivers to carry liability insurance. A basic auto insurance policy contains six types of coverage. Depending on where you live, some coverage is required and some is optional.
Car insurance is comprised of:
1. Bodily injury liability
2. Property damage liability
3. Medical payments (MedPay) or Personal Injury Protection (PIP)
6. Uninsured/Underinsured motorists coverage (UM/UIM)
7. Extras, like roadside assistance
Liability coverage limits (that's for the damage you do to others) are written as three numbers, such as 25/50/10. That translates to $25,000 in bodily injury coverage per person, $50,000 in bodily injury coverage per accident and $10,000 in property-damage coverage per accident. States require certain levels of minimum liability insurance because it's coverage that pays for damage you do to others — including bodily injury and property damage. It also pays for your legal bills if you cause an accident.
Bodily-injury liability applies to damages you cause to others. It covers their medical bills and lost wages. Property-damage liability pays to repair or replace property that you destroy. This includes other cars or property, such as fences. It can also pay for "pain and suffering" damages if someone sues you after a car accident — but only up to your liability limits. However, your financial responsibility may exceed your liability limits. If you cause $65,000 worth of damage and have an insurance limit of $50,000, you're responsible for the remaining $15,000 and could be sued for it. It is recommended you carry $100,000 of bodily injury protection per person and $300,000 per accident. Other insurance industry experts also recommend buying a minimum of $50,000 in property damage liability coverage.
Collision and comprehensive coverage
Unlike property damage liability, collision coverage pays to repair your own vehicle in the event of an accident. Your car is considered "totaled" when the repair costs exceed a certain threshold of the car's value, such as 70 percent. At that point, the insurance company will tow away the car to the salvage yard and offer you the actual cash value of your car. To keep your premium costs down when you buy collision coverage, you can raise your deductible. The higher your deductible, the lower your premium. But remember, you'll have to pay that amount out of your pocket.
Comprehensive coverage pays for damage to your car that isn't due to car accidents. That includes theft, fire, vandalism, natural disasters and collisions with animals (such as hitting a deer). Another perk that may be covered under your comprehensive coverage is your windshield. In some states, comprehensive coverage includes glass replacement with no deductible, but it varies from state to state. Ask your agent about the specifics when you purchase your policy.
Medical payments, PIP and no-fault
Medical payments (called MedPay) coverage pays for the medical expenses suffered by you and your passengers after an accident. You're also covered if you're driving someone else's car (with their permission) or from injuries suffered if a car hits you. MedPay will pay no matter who caused the accident, although if someone else is at fault your insurer may subrogate against them, meaning it will seek damages from the other party.
Personal Injury Protection (PIP) coverage pays for medical expenses and lost wages for you and your passengers who are injured in an accident. It also covers funeral costs. PIP is required in Kansas. Do you need it? If you have good health insurance and disability insurance, you can skip PIP or buy only the minimum amount if it's required.
Uninsured/underinsured motorist coverage
Uninsured motorists (UM) coverage pays for your medical bills if an uninsured driver strikes your car or if you're a victim of a hit-and-run. UM coverage is required by law in Missouri and Kansas. Similarly, underinsured motorists (UIM) coverage kicks in when someone causes an accident but doesn't have enough insurance to cover all medical bills. In that case, the at-fault person's insurance pays out to its maximum and then your UIM coverage pays for the remaining bills, up to your own limit. UM and UIM coverage also covers pain and suffering claims and, in some states, property damage.
There are a variety of extras you can buy. Just remember that making a claim for any of them, like towing, goes down as a claim on your record.
Rental reimbursement pays for a rental car when your vehicle is damaged or stolen. Check for the per-day dollar limits and overall maximum to make sure you're getting a good value for your premium dollar. Towing and roadside assistance coverage pays for fees due to road breakdowns.
Gap coverage for a new vehicle pays the difference between the actual cash value of the vehicle and the amount left on your car loan if your vehicle is totaled.
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